WHAT’S BEING CLAIMED:
- A man in India who first complained of an enlarged testicle was found to be infected with parasitic worms.
- The man’s CT scan results showed that he had developed a hydrocele —a swelling in the scrotum caused by injury or inflammation.
- Hydroceles can be caused by an infection called lymphatic filariasis which is transmitted from person to person through mosquito bites.
A new case reports of an elderly man in India who had a rare reaction to an infection resulting in an eggshell-like material that formed around his testicle.
According to the report published in the journal BMJ Case Reports on January 6, the man initially went to the doctor complaining of urinary tract infection symptoms including having blood in his urine. Doctors then found out that his right testicle appeared swollen and extremely hard. His CT scans later showed a fluid-filled sac on his testicle that had begun to harden with calcium deposits.
The fluid-filled sac is a type of swelling in the scrotum called a hydrocele that typically occurs in newborns and disappears within a year without treatment. However, adult men can develop a hydrocele due to inflammation or injury.
Hydroceles can also be caused by lymphatic filariasis — a parasitic disease caused by certain species of parasitic worms that can only live in the human lymphatic vessels and is spread from person to person by mosquito bites. The worms are usually found in the tropics and sub-tropics including India, where 40% of global cases occur.
According to an update from the World Health Organization in 2019, 25 million men with the disease developed hydroceles while 15 million men suffer from lymphedema or swelling in the arms and legs.
Further, the study authors also wrote that the “eggshell calcification” which rarely occurs, may indicate a possible chronic infection within the hydrocele.
While infections can be treated with anti-filarial drugs, some cases may require surgery or other measures like special skin care and exercises. Although the report did not specify which treatment their patient received, the researchers advised people in areas that are at high risk with the disease to get a yearly treatment of anti-filarial drugs.
Source: Live Science